Gerald Pollack –

Water has three phases – gas, liquid and solid; but recent findings from our laboratory imply the presence of a fourth phase that occurs at interfaces. This phase is surprisingly extensive. Its presence may have profound implication for chemistry, physics and biology and we are actively considering all of these. Cell biology in particular considers water as a mere background carrier of the more important molecules of life. However, it appears that water is a central player and we are investigating just how.